ICMM Principles Content Index





Principle 1: Apply ethical business practices and sound systems of corporate governance and transparency to support sustainable development

Establish systems to maintain compliance with applicable law.

Note: ICMM’s member companies are already required to comply with all applicable laws in the countries that they operate in. However, many stakeholders want mining companies to show that they have strong systems in place that ensure legal compliance.

ASR 19, 30, 38, 39, 59, 60, 66

SI 8, 13, 14, 16, 17, 59


Implement policies and practices to prevent bribery, corruption and to publicly disclose facilitation payments.

ASR 30, 38, 59, 65

SI 4, 8, 12-14, 17, 20-22, 59


Implement policies and standards consistent with the ICMM policy framework.

ASR 38-3965

SI 13


Assign accountability for sustainability performance at the Board and/or Executive Committee level.

ASR 65

SI 3, 6, 9, 14, 31, 33


Disclose the value and beneficiaries of financial and in-kind political contributions whether directly or through an intermediary.

SI 59


Principle 2: Integrate sustainable development in corporate strategy and decision-making processes

Integrate sustainable development principles into corporate strategy and decision-making processes relating to investments and in the design, operation and closure of facilities.

ASR 16, 1726, 28, 30, 34

SI 6-8, 16, 18, 24, 25, 33, 35, 37, 42-44, 49


Support the adoption of responsible health and safety, environmental, human rights and labor policies and practices by joint venture partners, suppliers and contractors, based on risk.

ASR 30, 38

SI 7, 13, 14, 17, 20-22, 26, 3949, 58, 60


Principle 3: Respect human rights and the interests, cultures, customs and values of employees and communities affected by our activities

Support the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights by developing a policy commitment to respect human rights, undertaking human rights due diligence and providing for or cooperating in processes to enable the remediation of adverse human rights impacts that members have caused or contributed to.

ASR 39

SI 5, 13, 14, 4849, 60


Avoid the involuntary physical or economic displacement of families and communities. Where this is not possible apply the mitigation hierarchy and implement actions or remedies that address residual adverse effects to restore or improve livelihoods and standards of living of displaced people.

ASR 30

SI 7, 8, 4959


Implement, based on risk, a human rights and security approach consistent with the Voluntary Principles on Security & Human Rights.

ASR 39

SI 7, 13, 484960


Respect the rights of workers by: not employing child or forced labor; avoiding human trafficking; not assigning hazardous/dangerous work to those under 18; eliminating harassment and discrimination; respecting freedom of association and collective bargaining; and providing a mechanism to address workers grievances.

ASR 39

SI 47-49, 53, 54, 5760


Remunerate employees with wages that equal or exceed legal requirements or represent a competitive wage within that job market (whichever is higher) and assign regular and overtime working hours within legally required limits.

SI 16, 49


Respect the rights, interests, aspirations, culture and natural resource-based livelihoods of Indigenous Peoples in project design, development and operation; apply the mitigation hierarchy to address adverse impacts; and deliver sustainable benefits for Indigenous Peoples.

ASR 30, 39, 64

SI 7-9, 48,  49, 57-60


Work to obtain the free, prior and informed consent of Indigenous Peoples where significant adverse impacts are likely to occur, as a result of relocation, disturbance of lands and territories or of critical cultural heritage, and capture the outcomes of engagement and consent processes in agreements.

ASR 39

SI 8, 48, 5758


Principle 4: Implement effective risk-management strategies and systems based on sound science, and which account for stakeholder perceptions of risk.

Assess environmental and social risks and opportunities of new projects and of significant changes to existing operations in consultation with interested and affected stakeholders, and publicly disclose assessment results.

Note: These should cover issues such as air, water, biodiversity, noise and vibration, health, safety, human rights, gender, cultural heritage and economic issues. The consultation process should be gender sensitive and inclusive of marginalized and vulnerable groups.

ASR 55-59

SI 33-36, 41, 55, 58


Undertake risk-based due diligence on conflict and human rights that aligns with the OECD Due Diligence Guidance on Conflict Affected and High Risk Areas, when operating in, or sourcing from, a conflict-affected or high risk area.

SI 6, 13-14, 4960


Implement risk-based controls to avoid/prevent, minimize, mitigate and/or remedy health, safety and environmental impacts to workers, local communities, cultural heritage and the natural environment, based upon a recognized international standard or management system.

ASR 56-60


SI 33-34, 55-57


Develop, maintain and test emergency response plans. Where risks to external stakeholders are significant, this should be in collaboration with potentially affected stakeholders and consistent with established industry good practice.

SI 59


Principle 5: Pursue continual improvement in health and safety performance with the ultimate goal of zero harm

Implement practices aimed at continually improving workplace health and safety, and monitor performance for the elimination of workplace fatalities, serious injuries and prevention of occupational diseases, based upon a recognized international standard or management system.

ASR 57

SI 3, 6, 13 55


Provide workers with training in accordance with their responsibilities for health and safety, and implement health surveillance and risk-based monitoring programs based on occupational exposures.

ASR 56

SI 48, 5356


Principle 6: Pursue continual improvement in environmental performance issues, such as water stewardship, energy use and climate change

Plan and design for closure in consultation with relevant authorities and stakeholders, implement measures to address closure-related environmental and social aspects, and make financial provision to enable agreed closure and post-closure commitments to be realized.

SI 8, 19, 20, 25,  41, 4858, 59


Implement water stewardship practices that provide for strong and transparent water governance, effective management of water at operations, and collaboration with stakeholders at a catchment level to achieve responsible and sustainable water use.

ASR 34, 56

SI 8, 24-25, 2839


Design, construct, operate, monitor and decommission tailings disposal/storage facilities using comprehensive, risk-based management and governance practices in line with internationally recognized good practice, to minimize the risk of catastrophic failure.

Note: Riverine tailings, freshwater lake and/or shallow marine tailings disposal may be considered only if deemed to be the most environmentally and socially sound alternative, based on an objective and rigorous environmental and social impact assessment of tailings management alternatives. The scope of the assessment should be agreed between the member company and the host government.

ASR 34, 56

SI 8, 24, 25, 28-2939


Apply the mitigation hierarchy to prevent pollution, manage releases and waste, and address potential impacts on human health and the environment.

ASR 11

SI 8-12, 14, 24, 25, 28, 36, 43


Implement measures to improve energy efficiency and contribute to a low-carbon future, and report the ­outcomes based on internationally recognized protocols for measuring CO2 equivalent (GHG) emissions.

ASR 22, 30-38, 44


SI 33-40, 55-57


Principle 7: Contribute to the conservation of biodiversity and integrated approaches to land-use planning

Neither explore nor develop new mines in World Heritage sites, respect legally designated protected areas, and design and operate any new operations or changes to existing operations to be compatible with the value for which such areas were designated.

ASR 34, 56

SI 8, 11, 24-25, 40-43


Assess and address risks and impacts to biodiversity and ecosystem services by implementing the mitigation hierarchy, with the ambition of achieving no net loss to biodiversity.

Note: The ambition of no net loss applies to new projects and major expansions to existing projects that impact biodiversity and ecosystem services.

ASR 34-35, 56

SI 24, 2540-42


Principle 8: Facilitate and support the knowledge-base and systems for responsible design, use, re-use, recycling and disposal of products containing metals and minerals

In project design, operation and de-commissioning, implement cost-effective measures for the recovery, re-use or recycling of energy, natural resources, and materials.

ASR 9, 13, 34-35

SI 11, 28-38, 45



Assess the hazards of the products of mining according to UN Globally Harmonized System of Hazard Classification and Labelling or equivalent relevant regulatory systems and communicate through safety data sheets and labelling as appropriate.

SI 14


Principle 9: Pursue continual improvement in social performance and contribute to the social, economic and institutional development of host countries and communities

Implement inclusive approaches with local communities to identify their development priorities and support activities that contribute to their lasting social and economic wellbeing, in partnership with government, civil society and development agencies, as appropriate.

ASR 34


SI 9, 12, 14, 16, 26, 40, 50


Enable access by local enterprises to procurement and contracting opportunities across the project ­life-cycle, both directly and by encouraging larger contractors and suppliers, and also by supporting ­initiatives to enhance economic opportunities for local communities.

SI 8, 1619, 50, 58


Conduct stakeholder engagement based upon an analysis of the local context and provide local stakeholders with access to effective mechanisms for seeking resolution of grievances related to the company and its activities.

SI 7, 14, 26, 48, 50, 57


Collaborate with government, where appropriate, to support improvements in environmental and social practices of local Artisanal and Small-scale Mining (ASM).

Not applicable


Principle 10: Proactively engage key stakeholders on sustainable development challenges and opportunities in an open and transparent manner. Effectively report and independently verify progress and performance

Identify and engage with key corporate-level external stakeholders on sustainable development issues in an open transparent manner.

ASR 30

SI 3, 4, 6-8, 50


Publicly support the implementation of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) and compile information on all material payments, at the appropriate levels of government, by country and by project.

ASR 39

SI 16, 22


Report annually on economic, social and environmental performance at the corporate level using the GRI  Sustainability Reporting Standards.

ASR 30

SI 25


Each year, conduct independent assurance of sustainability performance following the ICMM guidance on assuring and verifying membership requirements.

SI 13