ICMM Principles Content index



Reference location

Principle 1

Apply ethical business practices and sound systems of corporate governance and ­transparency to support sustainable development



Establish systems to maintain compliance with applicable law.

SI 23, 25-27; ASR 27, 57, 105


Implement policies and practices to prevent bribery, corruption and to publicly disclose ­facilitation payments.

SI 14, 26; ASR 38, 57


Implement policies and standards consistent with the ICMM policy framework.

SI 11-12; ASR 27, 38-39, 57-58, 61, 65


Assign accountability for sustainability performance at the Board and/or Executive Committee level.

SI 7, 11; ASR 32, 63-34


Disclose the value and beneficiaries of financial and in-kind political contributions whether directly or through an intermediary.

SI 27


Principle 2

Integrate sustainable development in corporate strategy and decision-making ­processes



Integrate sustainable development principles into corporate strategy and decision-making ­processes relating to investments and in the design, operation and closure of facilities.

SI 13-15, 17, 22, 35, 39, 55, 66, 79-81, 84; ASR 16, 24, 26-27, 29, 37, 58, 112-113


Support the adoption of responsible health and safety, environmental, human rights and labor ­policies and practices by joint venture partners, suppliers and contractors, based on risk.

SI 24-25, 31-34; ASR 38, 55, 63-64


Principle 3

Respect human rights and the interests, cultures, customs and values of employees and communities affected by our activities



Support the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights by developing a policy commitment to respect human rights, undertaking human rights due diligence and providing for or cooperating in processes to enable the remediation of adverse human rights impacts that members have caused or contributed to.

SI 6, 24-25, 28-34, 85-86; ASR 38-39


Avoid the involuntary physical or economic displacement of families and communities. Where this is not possible apply the mitigation hierarchy and implement actions or remedies that address residual adverse effects to restore or improve livelihoods and standards of living of displaced people.

SI 85-86; ASR 26


Implement, based on risk, a human rights and security approach consistent with the Voluntary ­Principles on Security & Human Rights.

SI 24


Respect the rights of workers by: not employing child or forced labor; avoiding human trafficking; not assigning hazardous/dangerous work to those under 18; eliminating harassment and discrimination; respecting freedom of association and collective bargaining; and providing a mechanism to address workers grievances.

SI 24, 64, 68, 75, 79ASR 38-39


Remunerate employees with wages that equal or exceed legal requirements or represent a competitive wage within that job market (whichever is higher) and assign regular and overtime working hours within legally required limits.

SI 20, 2364


Respect the rights, interests, aspirations, culture and natural resource-based livelihoods of Indigenous Peoples in project design, development and operation; apply the mitigation hierarchy to address adverse impacts; and deliver sustainable benefits for Indigenous Peoples.

SI 10, 14, 24, 85-88; ASR 16, 26, 30, 39


Work to obtain the free, prior and informed consent of Indigenous Peoples where significant adverse impacts are likely to occur, as a result of relocation, disturbance of lands and territories or of critical cultural heritage, and capture the outcomes of engagement and consent processes in agreements.

SI 84-85


Implement policies and practices to respect the rights and interests of women and support diversity in the workplace.

SI 8, 14, 23, 63, 68-69, 77-78; ASR 11, 22, 81

Principle 4

Implement effective risk-management strategies and systems based on sound science, and which account for stakeholder perceptions of risk.



Assess environmental and social risks and opportunities of new projects and of significant changes to existing operations in consultation with interested and affected stakeholders, and publicly disclose assessment results.

SI 27, 32-34, 36, 50, 59, 64; ASR 54-55, 57


Undertake risk-based due diligence on conflict and human rights that aligns with the OECD Due ­Diligence Guidance on Conflict Affected and High Risk Areas, when operating in, or sourcing from, a ­conflict-affected or high risk area.

SI 12-13, 29-34; ASR 38


Implement risk-based controls to avoid/prevent, minimize, mitigate and/or remedy health, safety and environmental impacts to workers, local communities, cultural heritage and the natural environment, based upon a recognized international standard or management system.

SI 20, 36, 54-57, 66, 85-86; ASR 54-5557


Develop, maintain and test emergency response plans. Where risks to external stakeholders are significant, this should be in collaboration with potentially affected stakeholders and consistent with established industry good practice.

SI 86ASR 54-55

Principle 5

Pursue continual improvement in health and safety performance with the ultimate goal of zero harm



Implement practices aimed at continually improving workplace health and safety, and monitor performance for the elimination of workplace fatalities, serious injuries and prevention of occupational ­diseases, based upon a recognized international standard or management system.

SI 5, 11, 63-67; ASR 11, 1322


5, 2 Provide workers with training in accordance with their responsibilities for health and safety, and implement health surveillance and risk-based monitoring programs based on occupational exposures.

SI 69ASR 11

Principle 6

Pursue continual improvement in environmental performance issues, such as water ­stewardship, energy use and climate change



Plan and design for closure in consultation with relevant authorities and stakeholders, implement measures to address closure-related environmental and social aspects, and make financial provision to enable agreed closure and post-closure commitments to be realized.

SI 10, 14, 39, 56, 79-82, 86; ASR 30, 99


Implement water stewardship practices that provide for strong and transparent water governance, effective management of water at operations, and collaboration with stakeholders at a catchment level to achieve responsible and sustainable water use.

SI 14, 36, 41, 49-50, 52-53ASR 30


Design, construct, operate, monitor and decommission tailings disposal/storage facilities using comprehensive, risk-based management and governance practices in line with internationally recognized good practice, to minimize the risk of catastrophic failure.

SI 12, 14, 36, 39-41, 49, 52-53; ASR 30, 36


Apply the mitigation hierarchy to prevent pollution, manage releases and waste, and address potential impacts on human health and the environment.

SI 14, 17, 36, 52, 61-62; ASR 11, 19, 2430


Implement measures to improve energy efficiency and contribute to a low-carbon future, and report the outcomes based on internationally recognized protocols for measuring CO2 equivalent (GHG) ­emissions.

SI 5, 10-11, 14, 20-22, 35, 40, 42-51; ASR 33-35, 120

Principle 7

Contribute to the conservation of biodiversity and integrated approaches
to land-use planning



Neither explore nor develop new mines in World Heritage sites, respect legally designated protected areas, and design and operate any new operations or changes to existing operations to be compatible with the value for which such areas were designated.

SI 56


Assess and address risks and impacts to biodiversity and ecosystem services by implementing the ­mitigation hierarchy, with the ambition of achieving no net loss to biodiversity.

SI 54-60; ASR 30, 31

Principle 8

Facilitate and support the knowledge-base and systems for responsible design, use, re-use, recycling and disposal of products containing metals and minerals



In project design, operation and de-commissioning, implement cost-effective measures for the ­recovery, re-use or recycling of energy, natural resources, and materials.

SI 10, 14, 20, 35, 49, 55, 59, 63-65, 79-83; ASR 1730


Assess the hazards of the products of mining according to UN Globally Harmonized System of Hazard Classification and Labelling or equivalent relevant regulatory systems and communicate through safety data sheets and labelling as appropriate.

SI 29

Principle 9:

Pursue continual improvement in social performance and contribute to the social, economic and institutional development of host countries and communities



Implement inclusive approaches with local communities to identify their development priorities and support activities that contribute to their lasting social and economic wellbeing, in partnership with government, civil society and development agencies, as appropriate.

SI 10, 14, 20, 35, 49, 55, 59, 63-65, 79-83; ASR 1730


Enable access by local enterprises to procurement and contracting opportunities across the project life-cycle, both directly and by encouraging larger contractors and suppliers, and also by supporting ­initiatives to enhance economic opportunities for local communities.

SI 79, 81; ASR 4


Conduct stakeholder engagement based upon an analysis of the local context and provide local stakeholders with access to effective mechanisms for seeking resolution of grievances related to the ­company and its activities.

SI 9-10, 13-14, 55, 63, 84; ASR 26, 30, 39, 63


Collaborate with government, where appropriate, to support improvements in environmental and social practices of local Artisanal and Small-scale Mining (ASM).

Not applicable

Principle 10:

Proactively engage key stakeholders on sustainable development challenges and opportunities in an open and transparent manner. Effectively report and independently verify progress and performance



Identify and engage with key corporate-level external stakeholders on sustainable development issues in an open transparent manner.

SI 4, 9-10, 13-18, 25, 79-8; ASR 26, 39, 112


Publicly support the implementation of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) and compile information on all material payments, at the appropriate levels of government, by country and by project.

SI 29, ASR 39


Report annually on economic, social and environmental performance at the corporate level using the GRI Sustainability Reporting Standards.

SI 2, 6, 87-94; ASR 28, 64


Each year, conduct independent assurance of sustainability performance following the ICMM guidance on assuring and verifying membership requirements.

SI 11-12; ASR 28, 63